Sunday, December 18, 1994
|Sri Sathya Sai blessing Sri Subramaniam Chettiar during the Paduka Pooja Festival|
Swami gave a Discourse today at the Poornachandra Auditorium on the occasion of the Paduka Festival. He praised the dedicated services of Sri Subramanian Chettiar of Madurai in spreading the Likhita Japam Movement all over Tamil Nadu. In His Discourse Swami said:
“What is important today is not what particular faith one professes, whether he is a Christian, a Buddhist, a Muslim or a Hindu. The real question is how far he is a true human, being. Develop therefore, your human qualities. What constitutes humanness? It is good conduct alone. The Indian epics hail man as Manuja. One who belongs to the lineage of the sage Manu. As such every human being has the latent tendencies of a sage. Unfortunately, instead of these traits, only vicious tendencies are to the fore. Man must recover his spiritual heritage. He must cultivate sublime and divine feelings. However, owing to misdirected education men are taking to evil ways. Compared to the behaviour of the educated urban population, there seems to be more goodness and virtue among unlettered hill tribes. Injustice and wickedness seem to flourish in the places where you have educational institutions and courts of law.
Men should concentrate on their natural spiritual tendencies rather than succumbing to the allurements of worldly objects. For this purpose, association with good people is essential. Eschew totally the company of bad people. Good company does not mean participating in bhajans and religious gatherings. Satsang truly means cultivating the company of one's Sat (conscience). It means being immersed in the contemplation of God. Carry on your daily, duties with your thoughts centred on God. Deem every action as an offering to God. That is the way to perfect one's human nature and sanctify one's life.
Likhita Japam purifies the Mind
As this may not be an easy process, the method of Likhita Japam has been recommended for purifying one's mind. Likhita Japam is a form of spiritual exercise in which one is engaged in writing the name of the Lord). Likhita Japam should be performed in a spirit of devotion. A wealthy man, who had no peace of mind &spire his riches, went to a sage for advice. The sage suggested to him that as a way of reducing his insatiable desires, which were the cause of his worries, he should write the name of the Lord some crores of times. Unused to such an arduous exercise, the rich man found a shortcut to achieving what the sage had suggested, by resorting to mechanical devices for multiplying the number of times he wrote the name of the Lord. This is a total travesty of the spiritual exercise suggested by the sage. It is tantamount to cheating God. This sort of deception and hypocrisy is rampant today. It is not quantity that counts. Even the writing of a few names with sincere devotion is better than filling pages mechanically.
In Tamil Nadu, numerous devotees have written with true. devotion the name of Sai Ram many crores of times, thinking of the name in their minds, spelling it by mouth and writing it by the hand. The unity of mind, speech and action has produced purity in thought, word and deed. Any spiritual exercise like Likhita Japam should be done wholeheartedly. Only then it becomes sanctified and godly. All actions should be performed in this spirit of dedication and in accordance with the dictates of one's conscience.
The name of the Lord is like a precious jewel which. must be considered valuable and cherished as a gem. Tulsidas sang in praise of the Lord's name (Rama's name) as the most invaluable gift given to him' by his Guru. The Lord's name should be recited with deep feeling so that it gets firmly entrenched in the heart.
The Example of Hanuman
Hanuman is the supreme exemplar of true devotion. At the time of Rama's coronation in Ayodhya after his return from Lanka, Rama gave presents to all those who had helped him in the battle against Ravana. When it came to Hanuman, Rama could not find anything that was worthy of the unparallelled devotion of Hanuman. Praising Hanuman's unexcelled services, Rama said that the only fitting reward for such a devotee was to give himself to Hanuman. He embraced Hanuman most lovingly Seeta saw this and felt Hanuman should not be left unrewarded for his great services. She took out from her neck the pearl necklace she had received from her father Janaka at the time of her wedding and gave it to Hanuman. Immediately after receiving the necklace, Hanuman removed one pearl after another from the necklace, crushed it between his teeth, placed it close to his car and then threw it away. Surprised at his strange behaviour, Seeta asked him why he was treating the pearls in that manner. Hanuman explained that he had no use for any object that did not chant Rama's name. Seeta asked him how he could expect to hear Rama's name from an inert object like a pearl. Hanuman immediately pulled out a hair from his arm and kept it close to Seeta's ear. The hair was chanting Rama's name!
True devotion means that even the blood stream should proclaim the Lord's name. Because Hanuman was such a devotee he could be the foremost servant of Rama. He was totally free from egoism, pride and envy. In Lanka, he did not boast of his prowess, but was content to declare himself a humble servant of Rama. This humility is the true mark of a devotee.
When a person is asked "Where do you live?" the correct answer is: "I am dwelling in the (Indwelling Spirit)." This is the truth to be learnt from all the scriptures and epics. Everyone should realise the oneness in spirit of all mankind, which is proclaimed equally by all religions. Sometime ago a devotional exercise called Likhita Japam (writing the names of the Lord as a form of worship) was started in Tamil Nadu. It was a collective (Samashti) exercise. Large numbers of devotees assembled at one place and wrote the name of the Lord as a (spiritual exercise). The joy to be derived from such a collective effort is indescribable. The community Bhajan in which all join to sing in unison is an equally blissful experience. This community singing was started by Guru Nanak. During community singing divine vibrations emerge sanctifying the whole atmosphere. The same result cannot be expected when one sings alone. Community singing promotes unity which leads to purity and divinity. Today there is no unity, purity or divinity. What mankind needs today is unity based on the spiritual oneness of humanity.
Worship of the Lord's Feet
Today we are celebrating the Paduka Festival (a festival for worshipping sandals blessed by the Lord). What is the significance of worshipping the Lord's feet? There is the devotee's yearning for touching the Lord. How is this to be done? The easiest way is to touch the feet of the Lord. A spiritual significance is attached to the touching of the Lord's feet which sanctify the earth by walking on it. Scientifically also them is meaning in Paada Sparsha (touching the feet). The blood circulates from the feet to the head. When one touches the toe of the Lord's Feet, he can experience a current present in the toe. That is a Divine energy.
From a mundane point of view the body appears as a physical form. But from the spiritual point of view, there is an aura around everybody. It has Tejas (effulgence) from which arises Ojas (spiritual energy). This energy produces vibrations. That is why it is declared: "Darshanam Paapa Naashanam" (Sight of the Lord destroys all sins). "Sambhaashanam Sankata Naashanam" (Dialogue with the Lord destroys all sorrows). "Sparshanam Karma Vimochanam" (The touch of the Lord frees one from the consequences of one's actions). When the devotee touches the Lord, it is like the linking of the negative and positive wires, which generates Divine energy. This connection should be from heart to heart. Only then the Divine energy will flow (from the Lord to the devotee). Then the Lord and the devotee become one. Because the spiritual significance of these practices is not properly understood people fall a prey to confusion.
Men should go away from the Worldly Path
Men should go away from the worldly path like the fish which swim against the current in a river. That is the way to realise the Divine. If you allow yourself to be carried away by the worldly current, you can only meet with a sad end. Whatever the world may think, keep your eye on the spiritual goal. When people ask for liberation, they should understand that liberation means oneness with the Divine. Become aware of your divinity. Then worldly thoughts will not enter your mind. To realise this oneness with God, one has to chant the Lord's name incessantly. You must pray for the vision of the Lord's feet in your heart. There should be no room for evil thoughts and feelings.
Lakshmana's unalloyed devotion to Rama
It was because of the unalloyed devotion of Lakshmana that Rama considered him greater the Seeta or anyone else. He declared: "It is impossible for me to find a brother like Lakshmana." This was a tribute to the way Lakshmana served Rama and Seeta for 13 years in the forest. During all these years Lakshmana had never looked at the face of Seeta but revered her feet every day. When the jewels dropped by Seeta were shown to Lakshmana he could identify only the anklets and not any of the other jewels worn by her. (Bhagavan recited the Shloka from the Ramayana in which Lakshmana explained how he could only Seeta's anklets because he saw them every morning when he prostrated at her feet). Can such reverence be found among the youth today? One feels ashamed when one listens to their talk. Young people should follow the ideal exemplified by Lakshmana.
Devotees should not feel satisfied with what they deem as their devotion. They should find out whether the Lord has appreciated their devotion. God should acknowledge your devotion. Krishna acknowledged Arjuna's devotion to Him only when the latter declared: "Karishye Vachanam Tava" (I shall abide by your words). If one does not pay heed to the Lord's words and does not act up to His injunctions, to claim that one is devotee is only a pompous boast. Activise your devotion. Let your actions be pure and sacred.
The Dedicated Services by Old Devotees
For one to come to this godly path, one has to contemplate on God incessantly. Today in Tamil Nadu the Likhita Japam movement and the worship of Padukas (sandals sanctified by the Divine Feet of Bhagavan) have grown by leaps and bounds. An 85-year-old devotee is striving to achieve even greater progress in these movements. In devotion it is not age that counts. What matters is the determination and the dedication. At this age, he comes almost every week to Prasanthi Nilayam without regard to the strain involved. His sole concern is service to Bhagavan. All devotees should become exemplars like him, of dedicated service. When that happens the world will be an earthly paradise.
This old devotee has been able to bring together large numbers of people to get involved in this form of collective worship by his example and enthusiasm. The saint Thyagaraja had great difficulty in chanting the name of Rama 96 crores of times. But in Tamil Nadu today the Lord's name has been written 108 crores of times (one crore is ten million). Countless devotees have been engaged in writing the name of the lord, without wasting their time in useless gossip or meaningless activities. What a sacred pre-occupation is this! Do not waste your time in useless pursuits. Instead devote all the time available to remembering and writing the Lord's name.”